Regulatory Approaches to Inclusive Insurance Market Development: Cross-country Synthesis Paper 2

Asset Pools : Insurance

The insurance business model is built on the principle of mutualisation of risk – making it a particularly effective tool for the management of collective sustainable development challenges. As investors, insurers aim to match liabilities with stable, long-term investment returns. Key policy packages are:
  • Closing the protection gap for effective insurance protection against natural hazards. Tailored mixes of fiscal support, policy directed provision and purchase are needed along with regulatory concessions and market development.
  • Calibrate prudential governance to better reflect long-term economic and environmental realities. Consider whether solvency rules are dampening investment in the long-term assets required for sustainable development. A tradable asset class is needed to enable insurers and other investors to easily access sustainable infrastructure investments. Regulators should explore how to explicitly integrate long-term risk factors such as climate change into prudential reviews.
  • Bridging the sustainability frameworks for underwriting and investment. Sustainability should be incorporated into the implementation of the international Insurance Core Principles. Key to the success would be a leadership group of supervisors at the national level working closely with the IAIS and the Access to Insurance Initiative.

Inquiry Publications

  • Insurance 2030

    Date: 01-Jun-2015

    Sustainable development risks and opportunities including natural disasters, access to insurance, climate change and the low-carbon transition, aging populations and long-term investment are high on the agenda for insurance. This working paper has been developed through a consultation involving more than 30 respondents from insurance companies, regulators and stakeholders in over 20 countries, bolstered by engagements held in

  • The Experience of Governance Innovations in South Africa

    Date: 17-Jun-2016

    This paper explores whether the extent to which Regulation 28, CRISA and JSE Integrated Reporting Standards (referred to as governance policy innovations) have influenced the level of investment that integrates Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) in its decision making process. It finds that while governance innovations have increased actors’ awareness about interrelationship between ESG factors and financial performance it

  • Aligning the Financial System with Sustainable Development in the United States of America

    Date: 01-Feb-2016

    The US financial system is undoubtedly among the largest, most innovative and most sophisticated in the world. It is also clear that this is both a benefit and an impediment to non-governmental investment in sustainability and inclusiveness. To date, the actual investment in infrastructure and sustainability does not meet current needs, especially those related to maintaining

  • China Report: A Systemic View of the Insurance Industry and Sustainable Development

    Date: 06-Oct-2015

    The contribution of the insurance industry to sustainable development relates to its three roles as a financial loss “shock absorber” in reducing real risks to assets, in safety and health, and as a significant investor in the real economy. Particular areas where the insurance industry is responding to sustainable development challenges are in relation to

  • A Review of International Financial Standards as They Relate to Sustainable Development

    Date: 22-Feb-2017

    The report, a companion to the second edition of “The Financial System We Need”, examines how the international financial standards currently relate to the goals of sustainable development and explores opportunities for better alignment as a way to promote greater stability, resilience and fairness to the financial system. The key messages are: Financial standards have

  • Financial System Impact of Disruptive Innovation

    Date: 15-Sep-2014

    An efficient and resilient regulatory regime must not only deal competently with the financial system that exists currently; it must also have adaptive capacity to deal competently with the system that is emerging. This working paper examines disruptive innovations and their implications for the design of a green and inclusive financial system. It identifes five trends relevant

  • China Green Finance Task Force Report: Green Insurance

    Date: 02-Apr-2015

    The rapid and continuous increase of environmental incidents in China in recent years has led to severe impacts on its sustainable social and economic development and public health. This paper sets out the case for green insurance as a market-based risk management mechanism which could play a proactive role in preventing and transferring environmental pollution risks and

  • China Green Finance Task Force Report: Green Investor Networks

    Date: 02-Apr-2015

    This paper set out the case for financial institutes and associations in China to establish  a green investor network, to monitor investees’ performance of their environmental obligations, foster green investment capabilities, and hold educational programs. Internationally, green investor networks such as the UNEP Finance Initiative and the UN Principles for Responsible Investment have played a

  • Experience and Lessons from South Africa: An Initial Review

    Date: 17-Jun-2016

    This paper provides an outline of South Africa’s financial sector, the environmental and social issues it faces, the response of government and financial regulators and the extent to which has resulted in measurable sustainable investment flows. In South Africa environmental, social and governance (ESG) considerations appear on the agenda of strategic discussions and are part of the

  • The Financial System We Need: From Momentum to Transformation

    Date: 29-Sep-2016

    Download the policy summary: [AR] [CH] [EN] [ES] [FR] [PT] [RU] Download the individual chapters: Chapter 1: Mapping the momentum | Chapter 2: Harnessing financial technology for sustainable development | Chapter 3: Measuring performance | Chapter 4: Steps towards transformation Our follow-up annual report reveals a doubling in policy actions over the past five years to align the global financial system with sustainable

Further Readings

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