Asset Pools : Bonds
- Enable the growth of green bonds: Green bond markets are growing, however they require credible and ultimately verifiable standards to ensure market integrity. Other measures include developing the pipeline of green bonds, aggregating and sececuritising smaller projects and improving returns through tax credits and incentives.
- Greening of bond markets: Mainstream bond markets should integrate environmental, social and governance factors into routine credit ratings.
The US financial system is undoubtedly among the largest, most innovative and most sophisticated in the world. It is also clear that this is both a benefit and an impediment to non-governmental investment in sustainability and inclusiveness. To date, the actual investment in infrastructure and sustainability does not meet current needs, especially those related to maintaining
Green bonds provide a potential source of long-term funding for green loans which reduces the risk of maturity mismatch. This paper recommends that China should commence the pilot issuance of green bonds at the earliest possible date to support the green lending business of banks. Specific recommendations are: Create a clear standard to define the scope of investment
This guide argues that with the right support in place USD 1 trillion of green bonds could be issued a year by 2020 – providing a significant contribution to closing the investment gap for climate-friendly infrastructure in both developed economies and emerging markets. It argues for several sets of policy actions to support and enable the green
The report, a companion to the second edition of “The Financial System We Need”, examines how the international financial standards currently relate to the goals of sustainable development and explores opportunities for better alignment as a way to promote greater stability, resilience and fairness to the financial system. The key messages are: Financial standards have
This paper makes the case that compulsory disclosure of environmental information by listed companies and bond issuers is an effective measure to increase the sense of corporate social responsibility, improve corporate environmental performance, incentivize investors to refrain from polluting investments and strengthening green investments. It recommends: CSRC and stock exchanges formulate rules on compulsory environmental
Infrastructure is often referred to as the backbone of the global economy and plays a fundamental role in societies by enhancing the quality of life and increasing productivity. In addition to its effects on society and the economy, infrastructure can have significant impacts on the environment, depending on the choice of infrastructure. Approximately 75% of
This reports rovides an overview of the green bonds theme, innovative structures in the international market and potential application in China. A key message is that green finance, in addition to providing a green benefit, can assist in implementing and enforcing financial reforms that address imbalances in China’s financial system. Another message is that providing
An India Advisory Council of the UNEP India Inquiry was convened by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). This report highlights key proposals emerging from their discussions for aligning the Indian financial system with sustainability. In the Indian context, they call for development of a more robust and resilient ‘sustainability-oriented market framework’ focused
Placing Indonesia’s economy onto a green and sustainable development pathway, as envisaged in the National Long Term Development Plan, will require a large mobilization of investment. Estimates of the annual investment needed are in the order of US$300‐530 billion, with a large portion of this investment needed in critical infrastructure, as well as environmentally sensitive
This is the 3rd Update Report of the UNEP Inquiry, it is focused on the challenge of financing the low-carbon transition. It explores how innovative ideas and practices can be made more effective, adopted more widely, and taken to scale—and as a result move the trillions that are required. Scaling-up proven but limited innovations, is a common
- State of the Climate Bonds Market 2014
Climate Bonds Initiative (2015). London: Climate Bonds Initiative.
- A New Angle on Sovereign Credit Risk. E-RISC: Environmental Risk Integration in Sovereign Credit Analysis
UNEP (2013). Phase 1 Report. UNEP Finance Initiative.
- A Roadmap for Sustainable Capital Markets
Aviva (2014). Aviva.
- Credit Rating Agencies: Reducing Reliance And Strengthening Oversight
Financial Stability Board (2013). Progress Report to G20 29 August 2013. Basel: FSB.
- EU Low-Carbon Investment and New Financial Sector Regulation: What Impacts and What Policy Response?
Spencer, T, Stevenson, J. ( 2013). IDDRI SciencesPo Working Paper No 513.