Policy Lever: Directing Finance Through Policy
ExamplesExamples in practice include:
- Lender and other liabilities: legal liability regimes for lenders, fiduciaries and insurers (and responses in terms of due diligence for environmental risk).
- Capital requirements: adjustments to capital ratios to enable lending towards critical sectors (e.g. for SMEs, green assets).
- Priority sector lending: integration of environmental and social factors into priority lending programmes.
- Prohibitions: restrictionson financial transactions due to excessive societal costs e.g. lending to illegal deforestation (Brazil) and pollution intensive industrial plants (China).
- Directed service provision: requirements that financial institutions provide access to particular financial services such as basic bank accounts and insurance.
- Mandatory purchase requirements: mandatory requirements for purchase of key financial services (such as insurance) that are essential for system resilience in the face of environmental stress.
ImpactsMeasures such as priority lending and strengthened environmental liability have a strong potential for driving change, but need careful design and market preparation to avoid unintended consequences.
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Nathan Associates Inc. (2013).