Policy Lever: Enhancing Market Practice
ExamplesKey approaches include:
- Fiduciary duty and capacity: clarifying that duties to clients include sustainability factors and including requirements for knowledge and training on sustainability for fiduciaries.
- Incentives: Encouraging asset owners to ensure better alignment of incentives along the investment chain.
- Prudential risk management regulation: Integrating sustainability into guidance & requirements on risk management and controls.
- Stress tests: Developing scenarios to test impact of environmental shocks on assets and business models.
- Capital requirements: Calibrating capital requirements to incorporate environmental factors.
- Disclosure requirements: Making environmental reporting by financial institutions and non-financial corporations mandatory.
- Equity analysis: Encouraging greater transparency in equity analysis of incorporation of sustainability factors.
- Credit ratings: Encouraging the integration of sustainability risk factors into credit analysis.
- Green assets Adjusting standards and rules to facilitate capital raising (e.g. green bonds, green sukuks, green IPOs, yieldcos).
- Indexes: Ensuring that benchmarks and indices reflect critical sustainability factors.
ImpactsThese measures provide critical foundations of information needed to sensitise financial decision making to environmental impacts and risks, but they are likely to have a modest impact unless they are combined with additional shifts that make these risks financially material.
This working paper was produced for the early stage of the Inquiry to provide an inital overview of the areas where the financial sector can have an impact on moving the green economy forward and the extent to which green financial policy is already actively being practiced. The paper is focused on financial regulation and the instruments of financial policy that
The paper also shows how the objectives of financial policy-makers—such as investor protection, transparency, maintaining the safety and soundness of financial firms, financial stability, tackling systemic risk, reducing information asymmetries, tacking market failures and developmental objectives— offer multiple avenues to legitimize policy measures that can contribute to the greening of the financial system. In particular,